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China: Hazardous Chemicals List

On 22nd June 2011, the State Administration of Work Safety (SAWS) of China issued the First Hazardous Chemicals List of Key Supervision. The first list consists of 60 chemicals, which were chosen from Hazardous Chemicals Inventory, concerning their hazardous properties and major chemical accidents in recent four decades at home and abroad.

Hazardous chemicals of key supervision not only refer to those on the list, but also include substances classified in the following categories under circumstances of 20°C and 101.3kPa:

  1. Flammable gases, Category 1 (the lower explosive limits?13% or limiting range of explosive?12%)

  2. Flammable liquids, Category 1 (flash point in closed cup<23°C and initial boiling point?12%)

  3. Pyrophoric liquids, Category 1 (burn within 5 minutes when contacting with air)

  4. Pyrophoric solids, Category 1 (burn within 5 minutes when contacting with air)

  5. Substances which in contact with water emit flammable gases, Category 1 (gases emitted in violent reaction with water at ambient temperature usually possess a pyrophoric tendency, or the speed of emitting flammable gases is larger than or equal to that of 1 kg substance emits 10 liter of any substances or compounds within 1 minute.)

  6. Phosgene chemicals such as Bis (triehloromethyl) Carbonate.

SAWS clearly stated that all production and storage equipments involving hazardous chemicals of key supervision must be designed by designing institutes of class-A qualification. In order to achieve real-time monitoring of important parameters such as temperature, pressure, and level, a fully functional automatic control system is a prerequisite. Enterprises which produce and store hazardous chemicals of key supervision must have a sound and operable emergency response plan for possible chemical accidents. Annual law enforcement inspection of these enterprises must be prioritized by local governments.

Since the list emphasizes the safety production of relevant chemicals, it doesn’t create a significant influence on foreign enterprises. However, Rita Qiu, the GHS specialist of REACH24H Consulting Group, says that the chain-effect caused by the list must be taken into consideration. When exporting related hazardous chemicals to China, foreign enterprises should take thge initiative to renew their SDSs and labels, according to the requirements in Regulation on the Safety Management of Hazardous Chemicals, to make sure their products are sold legally in China.

Tags : ChinaHazchem
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