China has one of the world’s largest hazardous chemical manufacturing bases. The management of hazardous chemicals has always been a vital task for the Chinese government and involves a lot of governmental branches. Enterprises are required to register and apply for permits for the hazardous chemicals they deal with during manufacture and import. However, when it comes to transport, another concept of “dangerous goods” is brought in. The idea of “dangerous goods” is not exactly the same as “hazardous chemicals” and enterprises face different requirements from manufacture and import when transporting their chemicals. This article will try to examine the concept of “dangerous goods” and “hazardous chemicals” in China’s legal framework and summarize the differences between them.