The chemical regulatory framework in China has become increasingly influenced by global chemical regulations, in particular the European and US models. Since China became a member of the WTO in 2001, the government has been committed to revising China’s chemical regulations. The previous legislation concerning the management of new chemical substances in China was amended on October 15th 2010, through the enactment of the "Measures for the Environmental Management of New Chemical Substances" (the "Measures") by China’s Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP). This regulation is similar to EU REACH and adopts several of the same principles and concepts of the European regulation, and thus has been dubbed "China REACH". However, China REACH is a general term for legislation covering hazardous, toxic and new chemical substances (Figure 1), while the Measures specifically regulate new chemical substances.